Nicosia is the capital of Cyprus and also known as Lefkosa. Its primary expansion and development occurred during the Lusignan period. The cities ramparts which are thick and high were built in1570 by the Venetians to defend against the Turks. Currently the city is divided in two areas by a boundary known as the Green line which runs from east to west along the Island. The Turks live in the northern sector while the Greeks live in the southern sector.
The central Eleftheria Square links old Nicosia with the elegant modern city that has grown up outside the walls, where hotels, offices, restaurants and gardens blend happily with the fine old houses and colonial buildings of this cosmopolitan city.
Kyrenia also known as Girne was founded by Achaean settlers in the 10th century B.C. Kyrenia was known for many centuries as one of the ten kingdoms of Cyprus . The Byzantines later fortified the city in the 7th century B.C. and built the original castle that was later expanded by the Lusignans, and later on by the Venetians. Under Ottoman rule the city remained as a minor port. Later on under British rule a harbour and Quay were built. The British Empire used the town as waypoint on the routes to other corners of the world.
Famagusta also known as Gazi Magusa was founded by Ptolemy Philadelphus of Egypt in the third century B.C. and lies on the eastern edge of the Island. Famagusta city soon became one of the most important and wealthy cities in the North Cyprus. In 1571 during a long siege conducted by the Ottoman Turks many of the buildings in the city were damaged by cannonballs. In 1974 the city once again came under siege but this time by the Greek Cypriots, with 11,000 Turkish Cypriots defending the city until the arrival of Turkish troops. It has lots of historical places to visit and amazing beaches.
Güzelyurt also known as Morphou is located in the Northwest sector of North Cyprus. This region is known as having one of the richest agricultural areas in Northern Cyprus . Oranges, lemons, grapefruits, and strawberries are grown here for consumption and export. Guzelyurt has not become as developed as other cities in the TRNC and thus is a great place for those who want to get away from it all. There are many places around Güzelyurt that serve as perfect camping or picnic spots. If you visit in spring you may see white orange blossoms floating through the air and giving the area a lovely scent of orange.